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  1. For any orthodontic-orthognathic treatment, it is crucial that patients are provided with enough and proper information in order to make evidence-based decisions- not only prior to treatment start, but also th...

    Authors: Isabelle Graf, Anna Enders, Ute Karbach, Tatjana Mihailovic, Teresa Kruse, Melanie Pollklas, Karolin Höfer, Joachim Zöller and Bert Braumann
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:22
  2. The aim of the present study was to examine the cytostatic effects of cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) on different head and neck squamous carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines either in isolation or in combination with l...

    Authors: Teresa F. Brunner, Florian A. Probst, Matthias Troeltzsch, Sabina Schwenk-Zieger, Julia L. Zimmermann, Gregor Morfill, Sven Becker, Ulrich Harréus and Christian Welz
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:21
  3. Artifacts fault image quality but handling several factors can affect it. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of object size on artifacts in cone-beam computed tomography systems.

    Authors: Mahkameh Moshfeghi, Yaser Safi, Ingrid Różyło-Kalinowska and Shiva Gandomi
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:20
  4. Human gingival fibroblast (HGF-1) cells in the connective tissue provide an effective barrier between the alveolar bone and the oral environment. Cement margins of restorations with intrasulcular preparation o...

    Authors: Nadja Rohr, Celina Baumann, Sabrina Märtin and Nicola U. Zitzmann
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:18
  5. Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is one of the most common malignant salivary gland tumors. Moreover, the unique biological characteristics and complex structures of ACC contribute to its poor survival rates. Re...

    Authors: Jiazhi Xu, Haiwei Wu, Jiatong Sun, Zhiyuan Gong, Xiaoya Lu, Enli Yang, Zhanwei Chen, Shengyun Huang, Xiaolin Nong and Dongsheng Zhang
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:15
  6. Bimaxillary surgery is often performed for class III malocclusion, and its complex influence on the upper airway has been well considered. The aim of this research was to provide a scaled formula between upper...

    Authors: Haizhen Li, Chongke Sun, Yanlong Chen, Zhipeng Sun and Xuemei Gao
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:14
  7. Understanding the anatomical relationship between the maxillary sinus floor (MSF) and the posterior maxillary teeth (PMT) is important when planning the orthodontic intrusion of the posterior teeth. This study...

    Authors: Ehab A. Abdulghani, Abeer A. Al-Sosowa, Maged Sultan Alhammadi, Hanan Al-fakeh, Waseem Saleh Al-Gumaei, Abeer A. Almashraqi, Hasan M. Sharhan and BaoCheng Cao
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:13
  8. The Augmented Reality (AR) blends digital information with the real world. Thanks to cameras, sensors, and displays it can supplement the physical world with holographic images. Nowadays, the applications of A...

    Authors: Damian Dolega-Dolegowski, Klaudia Proniewska, Magdalena Dolega-Dolegowska, Agnieszka Pregowska, Justyna Hajto-Bryk, Mariusz Trojak, Jakub Chmiel, Piotr Walecki and Piotr S. Fudalej
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:12
  9. Stage-specific embryonic antigen-4 (SSEA-4) is a marker for the identification of multipotent embryonic cells. It is also positive in neuroepithelial cells, precursor neural cells (NPC), and human dental pulp ...

    Authors: Ada Pricila Lopez-Lozano, Katiushka Arevalo-Niño, Yolanda Gutierrez-Puente, Jose Luis Montiel-Hernandez, Victor Hugo Urrutia-Baca, Casiano Del Angel-Mosqueda and Myriam Angelica De la Garza-Ramos
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:9
  10. To measure growth-related changes in orbital volume from childhood to the late teenage years using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans.

    Authors: Eric A. Smith, Caroline S. Halbach, Adriana Z. Robertson, Aden M. Peterson, Andrew R. Harrison, Thorsten Grünheid, Brent E. Larson and Ali Mokhtarzadeh
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:8
  11. Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the lower jaw is a serious late complication after radiotherapy in patients with oral cavity cancer. The aim of this study is to generate more insight into which patient- and treatm...

    Authors: Kristin Lang, Thomas Held, Eva Meixner, Eric Tonndorf-Martini, Oliver Ristow, Julius Moratin, Nina Bougatf, Christian Freudlsperger, Jürgen Debus and Sebastian Adeberg
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:7
  12. Social media plays a major role in the daily life of adolescents and has become highly interesting for healthcare research as well. The aim of this study was to explore the social perception of orthodontic-rel...

    Authors: Isabelle Graf, Teresa Kruse, Bert Braumann, Karolin Hoefer and Daniel Ehlebracht
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:6
  13. To establish the digital diagnostic templates by cluster analysis based on a set of cephalometric films and evaluate the outcome of the different treatment methods in the patients affiliated to the same cephal...

    Authors: Hong Su, Wenhsuan Lu, Jingjing Deng, Gui Chen, Ruoping Jiang, Yan Wei, Xiaoyun Zhang, Tianmin Xu and Bing Han
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:5
  14. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between frontal sinus shape and facial growth pattern.

    Authors: Andrea Abate, Francesca Gaffuri, Valentina Lanteri, Andrea Fama, Alessandro Ugolini, Laura Mannina and Cinzia Maspero
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:4
  15. Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic tool and treatment strategy in patients suffering from temporomandibular disorders (TMD) when conservative treatment fails. This study aimed to find specific vari...

    Authors: Kobbe Vervaeke, Pieter-Jan Verhelst, Kaan Orhan, Bodil Lund, Daniel Benchimol, Fréderic Van der Cruyssen, Antoon De Laat, Reinhilde Jacobs and Constantinus Politis
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:2
  16. Non - traumatic headaches are one of the most common causes of referral to hospital emergency. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of intranasal ketamine and intravenous ketorolac on acute non-traumatic h...

    Authors: Hooman Rafiei Sarvari, Hamidreza Baigrezaii, Mohammad Nazarianpirdosti, Amirhossein Meysami and Roya Safari-Faramani
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:1
  17. The pandemic has challenged educational institutions to catalyze digitalization and rapidly develop online teaching formats. The aim of the study was to evaluate the teaching offered for oral and maxillofacial...

    Authors: Anna Bock, Florian Peters, Philipp Winnand, Kristian Kniha, Marius Heitzer, Martin Lemos, Frank Hölzle and Ali Modabber
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:51
  18. Bone-borne miniscrew assisted palatal expansion (MAPE) is a common technique to improve maxillary transverse deficiency in young adolescents. Adult patients usually present a challenge, as they often require a...

    Authors: Heinz Winsauer, Andre Walter, Christos Katsaros and Oliver Ploder
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:50
  19. The median solitary maxillary central incisor syndrome (SMMCI) is a rare malformative syndrome consisting of multiple defects, mainly found on the body midline. It can be correlated to the etiopathological and...

    Authors: Alessandro Nota, Shideh Ehsani, Laura Pittari, Giorgio Gastaldi and Simona Tecco
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:49
  20. Oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the 10th most common cancer in the United States (8th in males, 13th in females), with an estimated 54,010 new cases expected in 2021, and is primarily a...

    Authors: Paolo Junior Fantozzi, Roxanne Bavarian, Ibon Tamayo, Marie-Abele Bind, Sook-Bin Woo and Alessandro Villa
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:48
  21. Describe and compare harmful periodontal effects as a consequence of maxillary expansion in adult patients with different types of anchorage devices in non-surgical expanders with skeletal anchorage and surgic...

    Authors: José Antonio Vidalón, Ismael Loú-Gómez, Aldo Quiñe, Karla T. Diaz, Carlos Liñan Duran and Manuel O. Lagravère
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:47
  22. To evaluate predictive clinico-pathological characteristics on outcome in head and neck melanoma (HNM) in a population-based study with particular emphasis on the prognostic effect of sentinel lymph node biops...

    Authors: Steffen Spoerl, Gerrit Spanier, Elena Reiter, Michael Gerken, Sebastian Haferkamp, Jirka Grosse, Konstantin Drexler, Tobias Ettl, Monika Klinkhammer-Schalke, René Fischer, Silvia Spoerl, Torsten E. Reichert and Christoph Klingelhöffer
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:45
  23. Complex bilateral midface fractures necessitate a surgically challenging procedure to preserve or restore the occlusion and the sensitive eye area. In this case control study, we aim to show the potential of a...

    Authors: Marc Anton Fuessinger, Steffen Schwarz, Mathieu Gass, Philipp Poxleitner, Leonard Brandenburg, Stefan Schlager and Marc Christian Metzger
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:44

    The Correction to this article has been published in Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:3

  24. The reconstructive and rehabilitative management of large mandibular defects with basal continuity is challenging in many respects, especially in the vertical dimension. The free fibula flap is an under-utilis...

    Authors: Tamás Sass, József Piffkó, Gábor Braunitzer and Ferenc Oberna
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:43
  25. Dental implants are sometimes initially placed in a wrong position leading to esthetic damage, which is difficult to solve with prosthetics. Moreover, implants placed in the anterior sector, like ankylosed tee...

    Authors: Philippe Bousquet, Stéphane Barthélemi, Christèle Artz and Laurent Delsol
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:42
  26. Orbital decompression surgery is frequently the last therapeutic measure in the surgical treatment of endocrine orbitopathy (EO). Additional rehabilitative and corrective surgical treatments are often used to ...

    Authors: Matthias Krause, Mohammad Kamal, Dirk Halama, Thomas Hierl, Ina Sterker, Rüdiger Zimmerer, Bernd Lethaus and Alexander K. Bartella
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:41
  27. To assess whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of condylar erosion (CE) are predictive of a specific clinical diagnosis of painful closed lock of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and to determin...

    Authors: Rüdiger Emshoff, Annika Bertram, Linus Hupp and Ansgar Rudisch
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:40
  28. The COVID-19 pandemic poses a continued challenge for all parties involved especially for the dentist as routine operation must be resumed. Rapid Antigen Tests (RATs) are actually recommended to identify and m...

    Authors: Jürgen Durner, Thomas Beikler, David C. Watts, Marc Becker and Miriam E. Draenert
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:39
  29. Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) is a promising non-contact approach to tissue diagnostics, generating large amounts of raw data for whose processing computer vision (i.e. deep learning) is particularly suitable. A...

    Authors: Daniel G. E. Thiem, Paul Römer, Matthias Gielisch, Bilal Al-Nawas, Martin Schlüter, Bastian Plaß and Peer W. Kämmerer
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:38
  30. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) has recently been identified as a novel therapeutic strategy for supporting processes of wound healing. Since CAP is additionally known to kill malignant cells, our study intends ...

    Authors: Benedikt Eggers, Jana Marciniak, Svenja Memmert, Gunar Wagner, James Deschner, Franz-Josef Kramer and Marjan Nokhbehsaim
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:37
  31. Electric bikes (E-bikes) and powered scooters (P-scooters) have become increasingly popular modes of public transportation, but they have been associated with injuries of all kinds, including dental trauma. He...

    Authors: Yafit Hamzani, Dror Bar Hai, Nir Cohen, Michael J. Drescher, Gavriel Chaushu and Bahaa Haj Yahya
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:36
  32. To investigate the predictability of ophthalmic artery involvement in maxillary sinus cancer using preprocedural contrast enhanced CT and MRI.

    Authors: Hirokazu Ashida, Takao Igarashi, Yosuke Nozawa, Yohei Munetomo, Takahiro Higuchi, Hideomi Yamauchi, Akira Baba, Yukiko Abe, Eiji Shimura, Hisashi Kessoku, Yukio Nishiya, Hiromi Kojima and Hiroya Ojiri
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:34
  33. This study was designed to analyse the value of preoperative Cone Beam CTs (CBCT) prior to the surgical removal of complex lower third molars. Furthermore, the aim was to assess injuries to the inferior alveol...

    Authors: Jan C. Klatt, Tony Sorowka, Lan Kluwe, Ralf Smeets, Martin Gosau and Henning Hanken
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:33
  34. Orthodontic retention aims to maintain optimal teeth positions after active treatment. The stability is affected by numerous factors, including patients’ individual features, thus retention should be adjusted ...

    Authors: Maciej Jedliński, Katarzyna Grocholewicz, Marta Mazur and Joanna Janiszewska-Olszowska
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:32
  35. To analyze the morphological changes of the anterior alveolar bone after the retraction of incisors in premolar extraction cases and the relationship between incisor retraction and remodeling of the alveolar b...

    Authors: Qiannan Sun, Wenhsuan Lu, Yunfan Zhang, Liying Peng, Si Chen and Bing Han
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:30
  36. Aberrant expression of stem cell markers has been observed in several types of neoplasms. This trait attributes to the acquired stem-like property of tumor cells and can impact patient prognosis. The objective...

    Authors: Ekarat Phattarataratip, Tarit Panitkul, Watunyoo Khodkaew, Pattarapong Anupuntanun, Jirapat Jaroonvechatam and Sirawit Pitarangsikul
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:29
  37. Accessory maxillary ostium (AMO) has a major role to play in the aetiology of maxillary sinusitis. Mucosal thickening is one of the key radiographic features of chronic maxillary sinusitis. The aim of this stu...

    Authors: Shishir Shetty, Saad Wahby Al Bayatti, Natheer Hashim Al-Rawi, Rani Samsudin, Hesham Marei, Raghavendra Shetty, Hossam Abdelatty Abdelmagyd and Sesha Reddy
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:28
  38. Virtual surgery planning (VSP) is believed to reduce inaccuracies in maxillary positioning compared to conventional surgery planning (CSP) due to the elimination of face-bow transfer and laboratory steps. Howe...

    Authors: Anja Quast, Petra Santander, Timon Kahlmeier, Norman Moser, Henning Schliephake and Philipp Meyer-Marcotty
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:27
  39. Bone volume plays a pivotal role in the success of dental implant treatment. Autogenous bone grafts should be harvested from reliable sites in the maxillofacial region. This study sought to assess the quantity...

    Authors: Yaser Safi, Reza Amid, Mahdi Kadkhodazadeh, Hamed Mortazavi, Mohamad Payam Sharifi and Shiva Gandomi
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:26
  40. Denosumab is associated with the development of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), an uncommon but severe oral side effect with a higher prevalence in metastatic cancer patients than in patie...

    Authors: Giuseppina Campisi, Rodolfo Mauceri, Francesco Bertoldo, Vittorio Fusco and Alberto Bedogni
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:25
  41. Determine the exact slot dimension of a sample of a MBT prescription stainless steel conventional brackets from different manufacturers to compare the actual values with the nominal ones declared by the manufa...

    Authors: Laura Bernés Martínez, Daniele Garcovich, Pilar España Pamplona, Milagros Adobes Adobes Martín and Alfonso Alvarado Lorenzo
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:24

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