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Open Access

Soft tissue handling and dental implant treatment

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Neukam1
Head & Face Medicine20128(Suppl 1):I7

Published: 25 May 2012


Soft TissueCrestEarly DevelopmentHeterogeneous GroupMaxillofacial Surgery

Ectodermal dysplasias are a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders characterized by defective formation of tissues derived from the embryonic ectoderm. Besides tissues of epidermal origin, other maxillofacial structures including hard and soft tissues can be affected. Disturbances in the early development of teeth frequently result in congenital absence or deformities of teeth. The lack of teeth leads to an impaired development of the alveolar crest, with decreased vertical and horizontal dimension. Osseointegrated dental implants in combination with hard and soft tissue augmentation techniques can be used successfully to restore the patients’ masticatory function, phonetics and aesthetics.

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Erlangen, Germany


© Neukam; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.