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Table 4 Distribution of the type of treatment used depending on the relationship with the external environment and the degree of fracture displacement

From: Interrelation between facial soft tissue lessions, underlying fracture patterns and treatment of zygomatic bone trauma: a 10 year retrospective study

  Type of treatment Total
Gillies Conservative ORIF
Relationship with the external environment Closed 150 17 43 210
  100.0% 100% 57,33% 86.78%
Intra-orally open 0 0 30 30
  0.0% 0.0% 40,00% 12.40%
Intra-orally and extraorally open 0 0 1 1
  0.0% 0.0% 1,33% 0.41%
Extra-orally open 0 0 1 1
  0.0% 0,0% 1,33% 0.41%
Total   150 17 75 242
  100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Degree of bone displacement With displacement 122 0 57 179
  81.3% 0.0% 76.0% 74.0%
Comminution 0 0 18 18
  0,0% 0.0% 24.0% 7.4%
Without/Minimal displacement 28 17 0 45
  18.7% 100% 0.0% 18.6%
Total   150 17 75 242
  100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%