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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the participants

From: Comprehensive 3D analysis of condylar morphology in adults with different skeletal patterns – a cross-sectional study

Participants N = 111
 Male n = 49
 Female n = 62
Participants’ age M = 27.0 years; SD = 10.2 years
Participants by asymmetry
 Symmetry (Me-MSP < 2 mm) n = 65 (M = 0.8 mm; SD = 0.6 mm)
 Moderate asymmetry
  (Me-MSP = [2; 4 mm])
n = 22 (M = 2.9 mm; SD = 0.6 mm)
 Strong asymmetry (Me-MSP > 4 mm) n = 24 (M = 6.2 mm; SD = 1.9 mm)
Participants by skeletal class
 Skeletal Class I (Wits = [− 2; 2 mm]) n = 25 (M = − 0.8 mm; SD = 1.2 mm)
 Skeletal Class II (Wits > 2 mm) n = 36 (M = 6.5 mm; SD = 2.9 mm)
 Skeletal Class III (Wits < − 2 mm) n = 50 (M = − 9.1 mm; SD = 4.3 mm)
Participants by vertical relation
 Neutral (ML-NL = [20.5; 26.5°]) n = 32 (M = 23.2°; SD = 1.8°)
 Hypodivergent (ML-NL < 20.5°) n = 37 (M = 16.3°; SD = 4.1°)
 Hyperdivergent (ML-NL > 26.5°) n = 42 (M = 32.7°; SD = 4.3°)
Investigated condyles N = 222
  1. ML-NL Maxillomandibular plane angle, Me-MSP Menton deviation from the midsagittal plane