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Table 2 Select demographic and phenotypic characteristics of 39 participants with CFM based on physical exama

From: Reliable classification of facial phenotypic variation in craniofacial microsomia: a comparison of physical exam and photographs

  All (n = 39) Microtia/anotia only (n = 8) Facial hypoplasia and microtiab (n = 15) Facial hypoplasia without microtiac (n = 5) Microtia without facial hypoplasiab (n = 6) Neither facial hypoplasia nor microtiac (n = 5)
Characteristic n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Race
 White 18 (46) 3 (38) 8 (50) 4 (80) 3 (60) 0 (0)
 Asian 14 (36) 2 (25) 6 (38) 1 (20) 2 (40) 3 (60)
 Native American 2 (5) 2 (25) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Other 5 (13) 1 (13) 2 (13) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (40)
Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic 32 (82) 6 (75) 13 (81) 5 (100) 4 (80) 4 (80)
 Hispanic 7 (18) 2 (25) 3 (19) 0 (0) 1 (20) 1 (20)
Age
 <1 2 (5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (17) 1 (20)
 1–5 11 (28) 2 (25) 5 (33) 2 (40) 2 (33) 0 (0)
 >5–10 13 (33) 2 (25) 5 (33) 1 (20) 3 (50) 2 (40)
 >10–15 5 (13) 1 (13) 1 (7) 1 (20) 0 (0) 2 (40)
 >15–21 8 (21) 3 (38) 4 (27) 1 (20) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Sex
 Male 20 (51) 4 (50) 7 (47) 5 (100) 2 (33) 2 (40)
Microtia or Anotia
 None 10 (26) 0 (0) 0 (0) 5 (100) 0 (0) 5 (100)
 Unilateral 26 (67) 8 (100) 12 (80) 0 (0) 6 (100) 0 (0)
 Bilateral 3 (8) 0 (0) 3 (20) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Facial Hypoplasia
 None 19 (49) 8 (100) 0 (0) 0 (0) 6 (100) 5 (100)
 Unilateral 17 (44) 0 (0) 14 (93) 3 (60) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Bilateral 3 (8) 0 (0) 1 (7) 2 (40) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Dermoid
 None 36 (92) 8 (100) 14 (93) 5 (100) 5 (83) 4 (80)
 Unilateral 3 (8) 0 (0) 1 (7) 0 (0) 1 (17) 1 (20)
Any Tag
 None 21 (54) 8 (100) 9 (60) 1 (20) 1 (17) 2 (40)
 Unilateral 14 (36) 0 (0) 5 (33) 3 (60) 3 (50.0) 3 (60)
 Bilateral 4 (10) 0 (0) 1 (7) 1 (20) 2 (33) 0 (0)
Any Pit
 None 36 (92) 8 (100) 12 (80) 5 (100) 6 (100) 5 (100)
 Unilateral 3 (8) 0 (0) 3 (20) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Lateral Oral Cleft
 None 33 (85) 8 (100) 12 (80) 3 (60) 5 (83) 5 (100)
 Unilateral 5 (13) 0 (0) 3 (20) 1 (20) 1 (17) 0 (0)
 Bilateral 1 (3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (20) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  1. aEach clinician rated at least 11 participants (n = 11, 15 and 13, respectively)
  2. bWith or without other features from the FACIAL inclusion criteria
  3. cWith other features from the FACIAL inclusion criteria