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Table 2 Type of included study, number of patients analyzed, target population and peak age of incidence.

From: Trends and characteristics of oral and maxillofacial injuries in Nigeria: a review of the literature

Author (Ref.-No.) Type of study n of patients Target population Bone mostly affected (%) Peak age of incidence, years (%)
Ajagbe et al (21) retrospective 203 total mandible (60.5) 21–30 (32)
Nwoku et al (36) retrospective 84 total mandible (90) ##
Ajagbe et al (34) retrospective 324 total mandible (60) 21–30
Adekeye (47) prospective 1447 total mandible (62.5) 21–30 (56)
Adekeye (48) retrospective 337 total # 21–40 (80)
Adekeye (49) retrospective 85 Children mandible >10
Nyako (23) retrospective 341 total mandible (73) 21–30 (46)
Odusanya (41) retrospective 231 total mandible (67) 21–30
Abiose (22) retrospective 104 total mandible (75) 21–30 (43)
Akinwande (37) prospective 208 total mandible 21–30 (51)
Abiose (32) retrospective 59 total # 21–30
Arotiba (38) prospective 128 total mandible (62) 20–29 (>40)
Arotiba (39) prospective 202 total mandible (64) 20–29 (40)
Oji (15) retrospective 900 total mandible (42) 21–30 (36)
Ogunbodede (52) case report 1 # # #
Denloye et al (33) retrospective 106 Children mandible 0–8 (62)
Ugboko et al (1) retrospective 442 total mandible (64) 21–30 (39)
Akinwande et al (40) prospective 35 total mandible 20–34 (66)
Oji (55) retrospective 40 Children mandible (89) 9–11 (40)
Ugboko et al (46) retrospective 52 Children mandible (62) 12–14 (50)
Oji (16) retrospective 900 total mandible (53) 21–30 (36)
Olasoji (53) retrospective 105 total mandible (43) 20–29 (42)
Ugboko et al (42) retrospective 22 total Zygoma (27) 21–40
Fasola et al (28) retrospective 77 total mandible (54.4) 21–30 (52)
Fasola et al (30) retrospective 831 total # 21–30 (33)
Fasola et al (19) prospective 103 total # 21–30 (47)
Fasola et al (25) retrospective 93 children mandible (86) 11–16 (54)
Fasola et al (26) retrospective 72 children # 12–16 (57)
Olasoji et al (4) prospective 306 total mandible (66) 21–30 (41)
Olasoji et al (54) retrospective 102 Children mandible (73) 12–15 (54)
Ugboko et al (51) retrospective 34 total mandible (56) 11–30 (74)
Oginni et al (43) retrospective 8 children # ##
Oginni et al (44) retrospective 174 children # ##
Fasola et al (29) aretrospective 531 total # 21–30 (39)
Fasola et al (31) prospective 76 total # 21–30 (51)
Fasola et al (18) bpro/retrospective 824 total mandible (75) 21–30 (36)
Fasola et al (24) prospective 159 total mandible 21–30 (36)
Fasola et al (27) retrospective 53 adults mandible (96) 60–70 (77)
Saheeb et al (56) retrospective 250 total mandible (65) 20–30 (32)
Adebayo et al (50) retrospective 443 total mandible (64) 20–39 (65)
Bankole et al (35) retrospective 64 children # 0–5
Ugboko et al (45) retrospective 128 total # 21–30 (38)
  1. a analysis of concomitant injuries in patients with maxillofacial fractures
  2. bcomparative study
  3. total = all age groups
  4. # = not applicable
  5. ## = not specified