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  1. Complex bilateral midface fractures necessitate a surgically challenging procedure to preserve or restore the occlusion and the sensitive eye area. In this case control study, we aim to show the potential of a...

    Authors: Marc Anton Fuessinger, Steffen Schwarz, Mathieu Gass, Philipp Poxleitner, Leonard Brandenburg, Stefan Schlager and Marc Christian Metzger
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:44

    The Correction to this article has been published in Head & Face Medicine 2022 18:3

  2. The reconstructive and rehabilitative management of large mandibular defects with basal continuity is challenging in many respects, especially in the vertical dimension. The free fibula flap is an under-utilis...

    Authors: Tamás Sass, József Piffkó, Gábor Braunitzer and Ferenc Oberna
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:43
  3. Dental implants are sometimes initially placed in a wrong position leading to esthetic damage, which is difficult to solve with prosthetics. Moreover, implants placed in the anterior sector, like ankylosed tee...

    Authors: Philippe Bousquet, Stéphane Barthélemi, Christèle Artz and Laurent Delsol
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:42
  4. Orbital decompression surgery is frequently the last therapeutic measure in the surgical treatment of endocrine orbitopathy (EO). Additional rehabilitative and corrective surgical treatments are often used to ...

    Authors: Matthias Krause, Mohammad Kamal, Dirk Halama, Thomas Hierl, Ina Sterker, Rüdiger Zimmerer, Bernd Lethaus and Alexander K. Bartella
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:41
  5. To assess whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of condylar erosion (CE) are predictive of a specific clinical diagnosis of painful closed lock of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and to determin...

    Authors: Rüdiger Emshoff, Annika Bertram, Linus Hupp and Ansgar Rudisch
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:40
  6. The COVID-19 pandemic poses a continued challenge for all parties involved especially for the dentist as routine operation must be resumed. Rapid Antigen Tests (RATs) are actually recommended to identify and m...

    Authors: Jürgen Durner, Thomas Beikler, David C. Watts, Marc Becker and Miriam E. Draenert
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:39
  7. Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) is a promising non-contact approach to tissue diagnostics, generating large amounts of raw data for whose processing computer vision (i.e. deep learning) is particularly suitable. A...

    Authors: Daniel G. E. Thiem, Paul Römer, Matthias Gielisch, Bilal Al-Nawas, Martin Schlüter, Bastian Plaß and Peer W. Kämmerer
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:38
  8. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) has recently been identified as a novel therapeutic strategy for supporting processes of wound healing. Since CAP is additionally known to kill malignant cells, our study intends ...

    Authors: Benedikt Eggers, Jana Marciniak, Svenja Memmert, Gunar Wagner, James Deschner, Franz-Josef Kramer and Marjan Nokhbehsaim
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:37
  9. Electric bikes (E-bikes) and powered scooters (P-scooters) have become increasingly popular modes of public transportation, but they have been associated with injuries of all kinds, including dental trauma. He...

    Authors: Yafit Hamzani, Dror Bar Hai, Nir Cohen, Michael J. Drescher, Gavriel Chaushu and Bahaa Haj Yahya
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:36
  10. To investigate the predictability of ophthalmic artery involvement in maxillary sinus cancer using preprocedural contrast enhanced CT and MRI.

    Authors: Hirokazu Ashida, Takao Igarashi, Yosuke Nozawa, Yohei Munetomo, Takahiro Higuchi, Hideomi Yamauchi, Akira Baba, Yukiko Abe, Eiji Shimura, Hisashi Kessoku, Yukio Nishiya, Hiromi Kojima and Hiroya Ojiri
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:34
  11. This study was designed to analyse the value of preoperative Cone Beam CTs (CBCT) prior to the surgical removal of complex lower third molars. Furthermore, the aim was to assess injuries to the inferior alveol...

    Authors: Jan C. Klatt, Tony Sorowka, Lan Kluwe, Ralf Smeets, Martin Gosau and Henning Hanken
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:33
  12. Orthodontic retention aims to maintain optimal teeth positions after active treatment. The stability is affected by numerous factors, including patients’ individual features, thus retention should be adjusted ...

    Authors: Maciej Jedliński, Katarzyna Grocholewicz, Marta Mazur and Joanna Janiszewska-Olszowska
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:32
  13. To analyze the morphological changes of the anterior alveolar bone after the retraction of incisors in premolar extraction cases and the relationship between incisor retraction and remodeling of the alveolar b...

    Authors: Qiannan Sun, Wenhsuan Lu, Yunfan Zhang, Liying Peng, Si Chen and Bing Han
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:30
  14. Aberrant expression of stem cell markers has been observed in several types of neoplasms. This trait attributes to the acquired stem-like property of tumor cells and can impact patient prognosis. The objective...

    Authors: Ekarat Phattarataratip, Tarit Panitkul, Watunyoo Khodkaew, Pattarapong Anupuntanun, Jirapat Jaroonvechatam and Sirawit Pitarangsikul
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:29
  15. Accessory maxillary ostium (AMO) has a major role to play in the aetiology of maxillary sinusitis. Mucosal thickening is one of the key radiographic features of chronic maxillary sinusitis. The aim of this stu...

    Authors: Shishir Shetty, Saad Wahby Al Bayatti, Natheer Hashim Al-Rawi, Rani Samsudin, Hesham Marei, Raghavendra Shetty, Hossam Abdelatty Abdelmagyd and Sesha Reddy
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:28
  16. Virtual surgery planning (VSP) is believed to reduce inaccuracies in maxillary positioning compared to conventional surgery planning (CSP) due to the elimination of face-bow transfer and laboratory steps. Howe...

    Authors: Anja Quast, Petra Santander, Timon Kahlmeier, Norman Moser, Henning Schliephake and Philipp Meyer-Marcotty
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:27
  17. Bone volume plays a pivotal role in the success of dental implant treatment. Autogenous bone grafts should be harvested from reliable sites in the maxillofacial region. This study sought to assess the quantity...

    Authors: Yaser Safi, Reza Amid, Mahdi Kadkhodazadeh, Hamed Mortazavi, Mohamad Payam Sharifi and Shiva Gandomi
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:26
  18. Denosumab is associated with the development of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), an uncommon but severe oral side effect with a higher prevalence in metastatic cancer patients than in patie...

    Authors: Giuseppina Campisi, Rodolfo Mauceri, Francesco Bertoldo, Vittorio Fusco and Alberto Bedogni
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:25
  19. Determine the exact slot dimension of a sample of a MBT prescription stainless steel conventional brackets from different manufacturers to compare the actual values with the nominal ones declared by the manufa...

    Authors: Laura Bernés Martínez, Daniele Garcovich, Pilar España Pamplona, Milagros Adobes Adobes Martín and Alfonso Alvarado Lorenzo
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:24
  20. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of a novel en masse distalization method in the maxillary arch in combination with a completely customized lingual appliance (CCLA; WIN, DW Lingual Systems, Ge...

    Authors: Frauke Beyling, Elisabeth Klang, Eva Niehoff, Rainer Schwestka-Polly, Hans-Joachim Helms and Dirk Wiechmann
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:23
  21. The aim of this study was to compare new bone formation, resorbed bone matrix, and fibrous enclosed residual bone substitute material in laterally augmented alveolar bone defects using allogeneic, pre-treated ...

    Authors: Lara Schorn, Tim Fienitz, Kathrin Berndsen, Norbert R. Kübler, Henrik Holtmann and Daniel Rothamel
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:21
  22. To develop and cross-validate site-specific panoramic radiography (PAN) analysis prediction equations of implant-to-mandibular canal dimensions (IMCD) in mandibular regions posterior to the mental foramen, and...

    Authors: Annika Bertram, Alexander W. Eckert, Andreas Kolk and Rüdiger Emshoff
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:19
  23. Oral cancer is a malignant disease that threatenshuman life and greatly reducespatientquality of life. ANLN was reported to promote the progression of cancer. This study aims to investigate the role of ANLNin ...

    Authors: Bing Wang, Xiao-li Zhang, Chen-xi Li, Ning-ning Liu, Min Hu and Zhong-cheng Gong
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:18
  24. The purpose of this study was to systematically identify variants in NOTCH signaling pathway genes that correlate with mandibular prognathism (MP) in the general Chinese population.

    Authors: Xianzhuo Han, Xueyan Xiong, Xiujuan Shi, Fengshan Chen and Yongming Li
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:17
  25. Recent studies have demonstrated a relationship between the severe clinical course of COVID-19 and other chronic diseases such as: cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity and chronic r...

    Authors: Giuseppina Campisi, Maria Eleonora Bizzoca and Lorenzo Lo Muzio
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:16
  26. Estrogen is a well-known and important hormone involved in skeletal homeostasis, which regulates genes involved in bone biology. Some studies support that estrogen is important for craniofacial growth and deve...

    Authors: Erika Calvano Küchler, Rafaela Mariana de Lara, Marjorie Ayumi Omori, Guido Marañón-Vásquez, Flares Baratto-Filho, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Maria Bernadete Sasso Stuani, Moritz Blanck-Lubarsch, Agnes Schroeder, Peter Proff and Christian Kirschneck
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:14
  27. Orthognathic surgery can be carried out using isolated mandibular or maxillary movement and bimaxillary procedures. In cases of moderate skeletal malocclusion, camouflage treatment by premolar extraction is an...

    Authors: Stephan Christian Möhlhenrich, Florian Kötter, Florian Peters, Kristian Kniha, Sachin Chhatwani, Gholamreza Danesh, Frank Hölzle and Ali Modabber
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:13
  28. Our study attempted to observe the value of periodontal curettage combined with root planing on moderate-to-severe chronic periodontitis in patients with type 2 diabetes.

    Authors: Yonghuan Bian, Changhao Liu and Zhaojiang Fu
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:12
  29. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ‘closed lock’ is a clinical condition causing TMJ pain and limited mouth opening (painful locking). Recent studies suggest an increasing prevalence of degenerative joint disease a...

    Authors: Hongzhi Zhou, Yang Xue and Ping Liu
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:11
  30. The purpose of this study is to determine the histopathological spectrum and risk of primary malignancy of asymptomatic parotid lesions incidentally discovered on cross-sectional imaging.

    Authors: Hassan Al-Balas, Zeyad A. Metwalli, Sarah Eberson and David M. Sada
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:10
  31. 3D facial scanning has changed the way facial aesthetic is evaluated and has numerous advantages for facial analysis. The specific relationship between lip vermilion morphological changes after orthodontic ext...

    Authors: Lin-hui Shen, Tian-yi Xie, Ruo-ping Jiang, Yi-ran Jiang, Gui Chen, Tian-min Xu and Bing Han
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:9
  32. Gland preserving techniques in the treatment of sialolithiasis have continuously replaced radical surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate a multimodal treatment algorithm in the therapy of sialolithiasi...

    Authors: Julian Lommen, Lara Schorn, Benjamin Roth, Christian Naujoks, Jörg Handschel, Henrik Holtmann, Norbert R. Kübler and Christoph Sproll
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:8
  33. Psychological factors such as depression, anxiety, stress and insomnia and problematic social media use are able to alter our memories and might have an impact on memory function and retrieval. More studies ar...

    Authors: Maya Dagher, Youssef Farchakh, Sam Barbar, Chadia Haddad, Marwan Akel, Souheil Hallit and Sahar Obeid
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:6
  34. Neurofibromin, a protein encoded by the NF1 gene, is mutated in neurofibromatosis 1, one of the most common genetic diseases. Oral manifestations are common and a high prevalence of hyposalivation was recently de...

    Authors: Eloá Borges Luna, Pâmella Pinho Montovani, Rafaela Elvira Rozza-de-Menezes and Karin Soares Cunha
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:5
  35. Orthodontic root resorptions are frequently investigated in small animals, and micro-computed tomography (μCT) enables volumetric comparison. Despite, due to overlapping histograms from dentine and bone, accur...

    Authors: Viktoria Trelenberg-Stoll, Dieter Drescher, Michael Wolf and Kathrin Becker
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:3
  36. Oro-Pharyngeal Dysphagia - or simply dysphagia - is the difficulty (persistent) in swallowing/passing food and/or liquid from the mouth to the pharynx into the esophagus and finally the stomach; a deglutition ...

    Authors: Catalina P. Sandoval-Munoz and Ziyad S. Haidar
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:2
  37. The aim of the present study was to compare two different anchorage systems efficiency to disinclude impacted maxillary canines using as evaluation tool superimposed Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCTs).

    Authors: Marco Migliorati, Lucia Cevidanes, Giordana Sinfonico, Sara Drago, Domenico Dalessandri, Gaetano Isola and Armando Silvestrini Biavati
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2021 17:1
  38. The aim of the study was to compare a 2D and 3D color system concerning a variety of statistical and graphical methods to assess validity and reliability of color measurements, and provide guidance on when to ...

    Authors: Anja Ratzmann, Alexander Welk, Stephanie Hoppe, Jochen Fanghaenel and Christian Schwahn
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2020 16:37
  39. This study was conducted for several reasons, primarily because of the lack of an Arabic version of the HSCT that could be beneficial in our clinical practice. Another reason is the need to find potential rela...

    Authors: Sarah Boutros, Emilio El Hachem, Joseph Mattar, Souheil Hallit and Hanna Mattar
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2020 16:36
  40. The aim was to compare early biochemical and histological osseous healing of chronic mandibular defects regenerated with bovine bone substitute with and without collagen membrane in vivo.

    Authors: Henning Staedt, Michael Dau, Eik Schiegnitz, Daniel G. E. Thiem, Olga Tagadiuc, Victor Palarie, Peter Ottl, Bilal Al-Nawas and Peer W. Kämmerer
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2020 16:35
  41. The correlation between individuals’ condylar morphology and their skeletal pattern is of great interest for treatment strategies ranging from orthodontic orthopaedics to orthognathic surgery. The objective of...

    Authors: Petra Santander, Anja Quast, Carolin Olbrisch, Marius Rose, Norman Moser, Henning Schliephake and Philipp Meyer-Marcotty
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2020 16:33
  42. A new distraction osteogenesis assembly system comprising a fully customized CAD/CAM-based fixation unit and ready-made distraction unit was developed. The aim of this study was to introduce our new distractio...

    Authors: Sang-Hoon Kang, Hye-Jin Tak, Ha-Won Park, Jin-Ung Kim and Sang-Hwy Lee
    Citation: Head & Face Medicine 2020 16:31

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