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Table 7 Means (M) and standard deviations (SD) of condylar (c) morphology characteristics and mandibular (mand) volume according to vertical skeletal patterns

From: Comprehensive 3D analysis of condylar morphology in adults with different skeletal patterns – a cross-sectional study

  hypodivergent
(n = 37)
neutral
(n = 32)
hyperdivergent
(n = 42)
M (SD) 95% CI M (SD) 95% CI M (SD) 95% CI
C depth [mm] 8.5 (1.6) [8.0–8.9] 8.0 (1.4) [7.4–8.4] 7.6 (1.1) [7.3–8.0]
C width [mm] 20.5 (2.4) [19.7–21.2] 20.3 (2.3) [19.4–21.1] 18.9 (2.6) [18.1–19.7]
C height [mm] 17.8 (2.6) [17.0–18.6] 17.1 (3.1) [16.1–18.2] 17.4 (2.7) [16.7–18.2]
C incl a-p [°] 55.0 (7.9) [52.4–57.4] 58.3 (8.8) [55.4–61.5] 59.6 (7.4) [57.4–62.1]
C incl m-l [°] 68.7 (9.8) [65.7–71.9] 68.5 (7.2) [65.9–71.1] 65.6 (9.5) [62.8–68.6]
Ratio C/Mand. volume [%] 6.4 (1.2) [6.0–6.8] 6.3 (1.3) [5.9–6.8] 5.7 (1.3) [5.3–6.1]
  1. a-p Antero-posterior, m-l Medial-lateral, c Condylar, mand Mandibula