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Table 1 Descriptions for used indirect bonding protocols

From: Three-dimensional evaluation of bracket placement accuracy and excess bonding adhesive depending on indirect bonding technique and bracket geometry: an in-vitro study

Indirect Bonding Technique Tray Material Bonding adhesive
Single/Inner Outer
PVS-VF Light-body polyvinyl siloxane (S4 suhy light, bisico, Bielefeld Germany), faciolingual thickness: 3 mm Clear vacuum-formed 0.5-mm polyethylene terephthalate glycol (PETG) sheet (Duran, Scheu Dental GmbH, Iserlohn, Germany) •Pre-Coting: Greengloo, Ormco, Orange CA, USA
•Two-part chemically cured bonding adhesive (Maximum Cure Sealant Part A and B, Reliance Ortho Prod. Inc., Itasca, IL, USA)
PVS putty Very high viscosity polyvinyl siloxane putty (S1 suhy, bisico, Bielefeld Germany), faciolingual thickness: 5–6 mm   •Pre-Coting: Greengloo, Ormco, Orange CA, USA
•Two-part chemically cured bonding adhesive (Maximum Cure Sealant Part A and B, Reliance Ortho Prod. Inc., Itasca, IL, USA)
Double-PVS Clear soft silicone (Emiluma, Opal Orthodontics, Ultradent, South Jordan, UT, USA), faciolingual thickness: 1–2 mm Clear polyvinyl siloxane (Lumaloc, Opal Orthodontics, Ultradent, South Jordan, UT, USA), faciolingual thickness: 5–6 mm •Pre-Coting: Greengloo, Ormco, Orange CA, USA
•Light cured bonding adhesive Gluma Solid Bond S, Heraeus Kulzer GmbH, Hanau, Germany), low viscosity composite (Venus Flow, Heraeus Kulzer GmbH, Hanau, Germany)