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Table 3 Comparison of results of the cephalometric analysis of skeletal, dento-alveolar and soft tissue factors of the Polish study material compared to the control group (Björk)

From: The Polish face in profile: a cephalometric baseline study

  Soft tissue profile Mean Björk SD/Range Polish average Polish SD
  Chin     
32 Soft tissue Facial Angle 91° 84°-98° 88.34° 4.58°
33 Facial Contour Angle −11° −7°-- 15° −13.70° 5.87°
  Upper Lip     
34 Prominence (H Angle)   7°-14° 13.73° 4.71°
35 Lip tip to aesthetic Line −4.0 mm   −5.01mm 2.18mm
36 Naso-labial Angle 110°   109.93° 10.72°
37 Depth of superior labial sulcus   −1.0- -4.0mm −2.02mm 1.19mm
  Lower Lip     
38 Prominence (to H Line) −0.5 mm 0.0 - 0.5 mm 0.08mm 1.63mm
39 Lip tip to aesthetic Line −2.0 mm   −3.06mm 2.51mm
40 Depth of inferior labial sulcus 5.0 mm   −5.03mm 1.25mm
41 Depth of inferior labial sulcus (to H line)    −4.99mm 1.73mm
42 Lower lip/mandibular plane    50.87 6.44
  Vertical Dimensions     
43 Upper Facial Height (UFH) 40%   42.06% 2.95
44 Lower Facial Height (LFH) 60%   57.94% 2.95
45 Upper Lip (UL) 20%   18.51% 2.08
46 Lower Lip (LL) 40%   39.42% 2.51