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Table 4 Comparison between the mean anthropometric facial measurements in the current study and other studies of Arab populations and other ethnicities

From: The validity of three neo-classical facial canons in young adults originating from the Arabian Peninsula

Ethnic group N Upper Third Middle third Lower third EFL ICD NB
tr-n n-sn sn-gn en-ex ex-ex al-al
M F M F M F M F M F M F
Current Study Saudi M = 75 F = 93 64.7 (7.5) 65.5 (6.9) 54.1 (4.3) 53.2 (4.1) 65.0 (5.2) 60.3 (4.6) 32.9 (2.7) 32.4 (3.4) 30.3 (3.1) 30.3 (2.4) 36.6 (3.2) 32.9 (3.3)
Dharap et al. 2013 Gulf Arabs M = 51 F = 117 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 37.1 (3.4) 33.2 (2.4)
Algaidi et al. 2012 Egyptian M = 108 F = 88 N/A N/A 54.7 (0.5) 45.8 (0.2)* 63.8 (0.6)* 56.4 (0.6)* N/A N/A N/A N/A 39.8 (0.4)* 32.8 (0.5)
Bokhari 2011 Saudi M = 276 F = 392 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 30.8 (2.9)* 29.5 (2.8)* 32.7 (2.8)* 31.3 (3.5)* N/A N/A
Husein et al. 2010 Indian American F = 102 N/A 63.9 (7.4) N/A 58.1 (5.5)* N/A 57.8 (7.5)* N/A 30.6 (2.4)* N/A 31.2 (3.7)* N/A 35.6 (3.3)*
Farkas et al. 2005 Egyptian M = 30 F = 30 63.6 (9.5) 61.2 (6.0)* 54.6 (5.6) 47.4 (5.2)* 64.1 (6.4) 57.8 (4.5)* 31.5 (1.8)* 30.8 (1.8)* 31.8 (2.1)* 30.9 (2.3) 32.4 (4.0)* 29.3 (3.7)*
Farkas et al. 2005 Iranian M = 30 F = 30 53.4 (8.2)* 56.9 (8.3)* 62.6 (3.2)* 66.2 (4.4)* 73.3 (4.3)* 66.2 (4.4)* 37.2 (3.5)* 24.4 (3.3)* 27.3 (2.7)* 24.6 (3.5)* 35.3 (3.0) 32.1 (2.5)
Farkas et al. 2005 Turkish M = 30 F = 30 61.9 (6.1) 60.7 (7.0)* 58.1 (3.5)* 55.2 (4.0)* 65.9 (4.2) 59.1 (3.8) 30.6 (1.2)* 29.8 (1.6)* 32.8 (2.6)* 31.7 (2.2)* 36.8 (2.3) 32.9 (2.1)
Farkas 2005 North American white M = 109 F = 200 67.1 (7.5)* 63.0 (6.0)* 54.8 (3.3) 50.6 (3.1)* 72.6 (4.5)* 64.3 (4.0)* 31.3 (1.2)* 30.7 (1.2)* 33.3 (2.7)* 31.8 (2.3)* 34.9 (2.1)* 31.4 (2.0)*
Farkas et al. 2005 Chinese M = 30 F = 30 67.1 (6.9) 64.1 (7.5) 53.5 (2.8) 51.7 (3.3) 72.7 (5.2)* 66.4 (5.6)* 29.4 (1.2)* 28.5 (1.8)* 37.9 (3.3)* 36.5 (3.2)* 39.2 (2.9)* 37.2 (2.1)*
Farkas et al. 2007 African American M = 50 F = 50 72.0 (7.8)* 67.1 (5.9) 51.8 (3.1)* 48.8 (3.7)* 78.7 (7.3)* 71.5 (5.2)* 32.9 (1.7) 32.4 (2.4) 35.8 (2.9)* 34.4 (3.4)* 44.1 (3.4)* 40.1 (3.2)*
  1. Values are expressed as mean measurements and standard deviation in parenthesis. EFL: eye fissure length, ICD: intercanthal distance, NB: nasal base. *Statistically significant at p < 0.05.