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Table 2 Patients’ age distribution, respective indications for JS insertion and number of patients exhibiting complications: a = gingival overgrowth, b = implant loosening, c = implant loss

From: Mini-implants in the palatal slope – a retrospective analysis of implant survival and tissue reaction

age no. of patients space closure distalization vertical movement transverse movement anchorage
10 4 0 4 0 0 0
11 4 0 4 / a = 2 0 0 1
12 6 5 2 1 0 0
13 4 3 / a = 1 0 0 1 / b = 1 0
14 3 2 1 0 0 0
15 4 3 0 0 0 1
16 4 3 / c = 2 1 0 0 0
17 5 0 2 1 1 / b = 1 1
18 1 0 0 1 / a = 1 0 1
19 3 0 2 / a = 1 1 0 0
20 1 1 0 0 0 0
24 0 0 0 0 0 0
27 1 0 1 0 0 0
37 1 1 0 0 0 0
total 41 18 17 4 2 4