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Table 1 Prevalence (%) of signs and symptoms of TMD in different epidemiological studies on children and adolescents

From: Signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders and oral parafunctions in urban Saudi arabian adolescents: a research report

Investigator Population Subjects Signs % Symptoms %
   Sample Size Females Males Age   
Siebert 1975[45] Germany 232 - - 12–16 62–80 -
Grosfeld et al 1977[42] Poland 250 133 117 13–15 68*‡ 10
Williamson 1977[43] US 304 175 129 6–16 35 -
Nilner 1981[17] Sweden 440 218 222 7–14 64 36
   309 162 147 15–18 55 41
Egermark-Eriksson[25] 1982 Sweden 131 61 70 11 46 67
   135 59 76 15 61 74
Gazit et al 1984[30] Israel 369 181 188 10–18 44 56
Ogura et al 1985[21] Japan 2198 1103 1095 10–18 9.8*
Dibbets 1985[24] Holland 165 94 71 7–19 21 19
Grosfeld et al 1985[29] Poland 400 203 197 15–18 68.2 -
Wanman et al 1986[33] Sweden 285 139 146 17 56 20
Jamsa et al 1988[26] Finland 109 - - 10 41 -
   147 - - 15 42 -
Motegi et al 1992[22] Japan 7337 4118 3219 6–18 12.2 12.2
Keeling et al 1994[44] USA 3428 - - 6–12 10 -
Deng et al 1995[20] China 634 326 308 12–15 21.9 -
   905 424 481 16–19 15.9 -
Abdel-Hakim 1996[38] S. Arabia 330 136 194 14–21 - 32
Al Amoudi et al 1998[5] S. Arabia 502 267 235 3–7 16.5 -
Farsi N. 1999[6] S. Arabia 696 - - 6–14 17.1 14.1
Thilander et al 2002[23] Bogota 1441 756 685 13–17 25 11.4
Farsi N. 2003[7] S. Arabia 734 420 314 12–15 20.2 31.1
Feteih 2005 S. Arabia 385 230 155 12–16 21.3 34
  1. * Signs + symptoms
  2. Stethoscope was used
  3. Present Study.