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Table 1 Angles and distances indicating skeletal change in the sagittal and vertical planes

From: Therapeutic effects of functional orthodontic appliances on cervical spine posture: a retrospective cephalometric study

Parameters Active group p-values BJA group p-values All patients p-values
SNA (°) -0.76 ± 1.71 0.0155* -0.81 ± 2.66 0.1347 -0.78 ± 2.10 0.0045*
SNB (°) 0.24 ± 2.27 0.5489 0.09 ± 231 0.8465 0.2 ± 2.20 0.4733
ANB (°) -0.99 ± 1.30 0.0001** -0.93 ± 1.16 0.0004** -0.99 ± 1.23 < 0.0001**
BjØrk suma (°) 0.72 ± 4.74 0.3904 -1.69 ± 9.46 0.3691 -0.26 ± 7.02 0.7709
Gonion angleb (°) -0.12 ± 2.31 0.7764 -0.80 ± 4.16 0.3344 -0.41 ± 3.15 0.3095
S-Go (mm) 2.78 ± 4.01 0.0004* 3.03 ± 3.49 0.0002** 3.00 ± 3.71 < 0.0001**
N-Me (mm) 4.81 ± 3.48 <0.0001** 4.39 ± 5.04 0.0002** 4.69 ± 4.12 < 0.0001**
SN/ML (°) 0.85 ± 3.72 0.1991 0.38 ± 3.38 0.5746 0.61 ± 3.44 0.1642
PE/ML (°) 0.78 ± 2.55 0.0890 -0.22 ± 3.45 0.7446 0.30 ± 2.95 0.4178
  1. Data are given as mean differences (± SD) between posttreatment and baseline values.
  2. Asterisks (* or **) indicate significant (p < 0.05) or highly significant (p < 0.001) differences.
  3. aN-S-Ar + S-Ar-Go + Ar-Go-Me; bAr-Go-Me.