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Table 4 Comparison of the prevalence of the subjective symptoms between patients with and without elongated styloid process

From: Cone-beam computed tomographic evaluation of styloid process: a retrospective study of 208 patients with orofacial pain

Symptoms Elongated Not elongated OR 95% CI p
N (%) N (%)
Headache 88 (78.6) 84 (87.5) 0.5 0.2 – 1.1 0.093
Dizziness 44 (39.3%) 24 (25%) 1.9 1.1 – 3.5 0.029
Tinnitus 16 (14.3) 4 (4.2) 3.8 1.2 – 11.9 0.020
Otalgia 20 (17.8) 4 (4.2) 5 1.6 – 15.2 0.004
Dysphagia 68 (60.7) 8 (8.3) 17 7.5 – 38.5 0.000
Foreign body sensation 40 (35.7) 3 (3.1) 17.2 5.1 – 57.9 0.000
Pain on turning head 59 (52.7) 5 (5.2) 20.3 7.6 – 53.6 0.000
  1. Abbreviations: OR Odds ratio, CI confidence interval.