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Table 1 Procedures for surgical and orthodontic treatment at Saarland Medical School, Homburg, Germany

From: Extent of maxillary deficiency in patients with complete UCLP and BCLP

Treatment time Procedure
0 - 12 months Presurgical orthopedics
6 months Lip closure after Veau-Manchester, if possible along with hard palate closure after Pichler
10-12 months Soft palate closure after Veau with push-back procedures after Kriens
Primary and transitory dentition Orthodontic treatment according to individual needs (e.g. frontal or lateral cross bite)
Before eruption of the permanent canine Bone grafting
Secondary dentition Orthodontic treatment (fixed appliances)
16 years or after Cosmetic corrections of nose and lip,